In the Philippines, an academic thesis is named by the degree, such as bachelor/undergraduate thesis or masteral thesis. However, in Philippine English , the term doctorate is typically replaced with doctoral (as in the case of "doctoral dissertation"), though in official documentation the former is still used. The terms thesis and dissertation are commonly used interchangeably in everyday language yet it generally understood that a thesis refers to bachelor/undergraduate and master academic work while a dissertation is named for doctorate work.
Samuel is a 25yr old gay single man living in a shared house in West End, Brisbane, Australia. He works locally full time as a barber and reports “loving his job” – he and his work mates frequently go out after work and drink about 5 standard drinks a night. Samuel admits to smoking the “odd joint” to help reduce stress “now and again”. Samuel also spends much of his spare time at the gym working out. He is moderate in build, has a prominent handlebar black moustache and has a large wooden nose ring. Born in Korea to Korean born parents, Samuel is an only child. The family moved to Australia when he was 2 years old.
Samuel reports feeling “guilty” that he is not the “traditional son” he perceives his parents want as he will not marry a wife nor does he wish to have children. His Mother has suffered from anxiety and depression off and on for as long as Samuel can remember. He excelled at high school however was the victim of a brutal assault while celebrating “Schoolies” 8 years ago. He was in a unit and was beaten by up to 4 young men in what Samuel describes as a “gay bashing”. He has a faint scar underneath his chin from having his head pushed into a kitchen island bench. It is evident that his nose has been broken as it is markedly crooked. He required 3 days hospitalisation to recover from the physical injuries. Samuel is case managed in the community and is a Voluntary Patient. He has required 3 admissions in the past 8 years with fleeting thoughts of self- harm and increased anxiety.
He was diagnosed with Post Traumatic Stress Disorder. He had previously no history of mental illness. He is on a low dose anti-depressant and sees his case manager monthly. In the past he has started counselling sessions and attended peer support groups. He has not continued any of these recommended treatments as he reports “feeling better” after a few sessions. Samuel calls his case manager Mary requesting a home visit as he feels he needs “more support at the moment”.
On arrival Samuel tells Mary he is “feeling like a nut case” and has not been to work for few days. Samuel describes feeling anxious watching the latest television reports on Schoolies. He describes waking up to 3 times at night after experiencing nightmares about his assault – “It’s like I’m right back in the unit getting the crap beaten out of me…there’s nothing I can do”. He has stopped going to work due to feeling “exhausted” and “on the edge”. He is restless, fidgeting and speaking quickly when talking with Mary. Samuel states that his boss has warned him that if he needs more than 2 weeks of sick leave he will have to “fire” him. “I can’t go to work –I just can’t stop thinking about the bashing. It replays in my head over and over again. I try to watch TV or go to the gym and – BANG – the bashing pops up in my mind and I break out in a sweat and have to get out of there…” Samuel complains of feeling tired and afraid to go to sleep at night. He has increased his alcohol use and is finding that the “joints aren’t even helping that much”. He is worried about losing his job as if this occurs it is likely that he will not be able to keep up with his rent.
His house mates and co-workers are very supportive of Samuel and he finds much comfort and strength in this. Samuel denies any thoughts of self- harm or suicide. He feels he can work on his anxiety in the community and that he does not require admission to a hospital. His case manager agrees with this and will provide an increased level of support for Samuel in the community.